Ancient Confucius, ceramics and buried chariots in modern China


Automobiles clog city streets that were built for pedestrians and bicycles. Billboards that recently touted the benefits of socialism now advertise designer clothes and the latest electronic gadgets. Vendors sell dumplings, noodles and unidentifiable body parts of animals off wooden carts parked in front of KFC, McDonald’s and other American-based fast food restaurants.

A recent return trip to China, more than 20 years after my first visit, resembled a back-to-the-future experience. Like the rest of the country, Shandong Province, perched on a peninsula jutting into the Yellow Sea southeast of Beijing, offers a study in contrasts. In cities, modern skyscrapers stretch as far as the eye can see. Members of the “millennial” generation sporting the latest fashions are glued to their cell phones.

A short distance away the setting is very different. Farm fields surround small villages where tiny houses line narrow dirt streets. People strain beneath heavy shoulder yokes as their forebears did. Men and women till the soil with implements not much different from those used centuries ago.

As the capital and transportation hub of Shandong Province, Jinan (Dze-nahn) is the logical starting point for a tour. Overseas visitors to this area of China usually land in Beijing, and there are frequent flights and trains, including sleek high-speed trains, between China’s capital city of Beijing and Jinan.

However, I found much more of interest to see outside of Jinan, which is a large, bustling city. Its major claim to fame is a reputation as the “City of Springs,” because of more than 100 natural pools, many embellished with gardens and pavilions. In keeping with the Chinese penchant for colorful names, they include Five Dragon, Black Tiger and Racing Horses springs.

In Qufu (Chew-foo), the birthplace of Confucius, sites associated with the life of the venerated philosopher and teacher serve as a magnet for tourists. The Temple of Confucius, originally built a year before his death in 479 B.C., occupies the site of the modest three-room home where his family lived. It has been expanded over hundreds of years to include 466 rooms that sprawl over 46 acres.

The adjacent Confucian Family Mansion, begun in 1038 A.D., is almost as vast. Now comprising 152 buildings, it has served as home to senior male heirs. The third major Confucian site is the largest family cemetery in the world, where the tombs of more than 100,000 descendants of Confucius surround his simple grave site.

Another popular destination is Mount Tai. For at least 3,000 years, it has been a place of worship in both the Taoist and Buddhist religions. Ancient emperors traveled there to offer sacrifices. Elaborate pavilions, towers and inscriptions carved on cliffs cover the 5,069-foot high mountain.

Other cities also have their unique claims to fame. Qingdao (Ching-dow) is home to the best-known Chinese beer, sold as Tsingtao in the United States and throughout the world. Qingdao also was the site of sailing events during the 2008 Olympics held in China and a museum recalls that proud moment.

Wine rather than beer is the focus of Yantai (Yan-tie), known as “the city of grape wine.” Archaeological findings indicate that wine was used during sacrificial ceremonies in China as long as 9,000 years ago. Modern production began in 1892, when the Changyu Pioneer Wine Company was established in Yantai. Today about 140 of the estimated 500 wineries in the country are located in Shandong Province.

Not far from Yantai, my wife Fyllis and I delved into village life, and the past. We strolled into the tiny hamlet of Hanqioa (Han-kwee-au), smiling at villagers who stared at us with curiosity. Men and women of all ages were preparing corn to be ground into meal, and breaking tree branches to serve as fuel during winter.

In villages like Hanqiao, life has changed little from decades ago and often much longer in the past. Introductions to intriguing historical tidbits stretching much further back in time are available at outstanding museums in Shandong Province, as well as throughout China.

With an 8,000-year history of pottery making, it’s natural that Shandong Province is home to a Museum of Pottery and Porcelain. Displays include fine chinaware that is as much art as functional items. Equally appealing to Fyllis and me was a whimsical collection of over 3,000 clay pieces depicting people engaged in every aspect of pottery making a century ago.

Another museum is as interesting for its location as its contents. Workmen constructing a highway uncovered the underground burial place of a dignitary. He was laid to rest some 2,600 years ago with chariots and horses, which were buried to transport him to the next life. The carts and horse skeletons were left intact and the highway was completed overhead. The collection also includes chariots from throughout history that were used in more ways than I could have imagined.

Given the increased popularity of wine in China, the Changyu Wine Culture Museum in Yantai is another popular stop. Never before had Fyllis and I visited a wine cellar over 100 years old, or seen such an extensive display of primitive vessels used in ancient wine making.

Wine production in China that spanned some 9,000 years is but one of countless activities and attractions that serve as bridges between the past and present. Exploring that country’s history and experiencing current developments provides a fascinating contrast. Shandong Province offers much that the country has to offer in a compact area.

If you go

The best way to visit China is on a group or individual guided tour that includes travel, English-speaking guides, accommodations and other arrangements. For more information or help planning a trip, log onto or call Night Hawk Travel, which specializes in tourism to Shandong Province, at (800) 420-8858.

  • Anonymous

    This is a curious advertorial for a Chinese government agency, Shandong Tourism Administration.  The mission of Consumer Traveler and publishing unabashed advertorial seem a bit at odds. One expects this from a travel guide book website, but not a consumer advocate.

    As a frequent tourist to China, over 22 trips in more than five years, and a Destination Expert on another travel website, I find the recommendation to hire a travel agency packaged tour, group or individual, to be self-serving. 

    Most travelers trying to avoid the tired tourist trail and forced shopping stops with 2X prices are far better off in finding an independent guide (through recommendations on line) and either having a bare-bones travel package put together or DIY.  Too much time is wasted in China on commercially sponsored tours with required tea, silk, pearl and other commercial tourist traps, sometimes known as factory tours, showrooms and tasting tours.  Further, government agencies have an agenda for foreign travelers, mostly to maximize revenue on a regular route.  Even the commercially packaged individual-guided tours have incentivized the guide to lead unsuspecting tourists to places to extract high commissions (40-50%) at over-priced shopping stops.

    Thanks to the internet, thousands of tourists each year travel China on their own, urban and rural, without the set agenda of a tourism company.  You do not need to speak Mandarin, and you will get rates comparable with travel agencies by using internet resources, especially the reputable Chinese on-line booking agents such as Travelzen, eLong and Ctrip. 

    While first-time China travelers report many fine packaged tours (with no points of comparison btw), those with multiple trips and who have explored more than a handful of provinces report there are far better itineraries in each region than those offered by the tourism companies and their afffiliates.

  • Anonymous

    So maybe SoBeSparky is biased?  I think not.

    I’ve been to China twice in the past 3 years.  First was a short 5 day visit on a small group tour with our own guide, and only to Beijing.  Great experience.

    But when I returned with spouse in tow the next year for 3 weeks, we went totally independent (except for prebooked hotels through a Chinese agency and direct with several hotels).  Even better than the first experience.  SoBeSparky is 100% accurate.

  • Kenmoreinfo

    I do not agree with SoBeSparky and Kairho.  I travel a lot and have been to China several times.  Even so, it would not be easy for me to plan a trip there, and get around once I’m in that country. 

    Unless one speaks Chinese, language itself can be quite a barrier. Making travel arrangements on one’s
    own is not easy at best. And there’s no guarantee that guides, tours, etc., which are
    booked over the Internet will be reliable.

    Going to London or Paris, even if one doesn’t speak French, is one
    thing. Traveling to China is quite another. There still are many paradoxes
    about how some things are done in that country. For the traveler going halfway
    around the world on his/her own, without the support and guidance of an
    experienced and knowledgeable trip planner and organizer, I would say  can be
    very iffy at best — and takes a lot of time.   A travel planner or tour company can help arrange a trip based on where you wish to go and what you want to do.    

  • lymphoma

    I am so impressed on how Chinese have preserved stuffs from the ancient. I was kind of interested with Mount Tai. The big rock on top looks like it will fall though, but hopefully I can visit the place by next year.

  • OnlineTherapy

    I recently went to China and would have found more resources like this useful. I am constantly looking for more travel guides.

  • OnlineTherapy

    I recently went to China and would have found more resources like this useful. I am constantly looking for more travel guides.

  • Online Therapy

    I recently went to China and would have found more resources like this useful. I am constantly looking for more travel guides.